The Conscience

Conscience and values for sense orientation

For every human being what is considered reality according to his knowledge and conviction is absolutely decisive. This unconditional standard is conscience. (...) That is why everyone acts against his own conviction when he acts against the harmony of wanting and being supposed to, i.e. of purposeful self-interest and harmonious understanding of meaning (...), when he behaves contrary to the meaning. Anyone who behaves contrary to the meaning of his convictions must judge or condemn himself critically. Because no human being can escape this self-criticism, i.e. the judgment of his conscience, the "remorse of conscience," the attitude, the orientation towards meaning, belongs to the essence of man.  Max Lüscher

The 4 basic feelings of self - inner satisfaction, self-esteem, self-confidence, inner freedom regulate all areas of human existence through the law of functional unity.Based on the categorical definition of self feelings and their relations, regulative values can be derived, which are a guarantor for humanity and thus also for the meaningfulness of human action. Each self-feeling is determined by 3 categories, whereby 2 self-feelings in each category correspond to each other. Each of these categorical coincidences corresponds exactly to one ethical value. 

Self-confidence and self-esteem are in the same category. They both have a "directive" aspect, whereby "directive", taking into account the other two categories of self-confidence, is the leading attitude. In contrast, "directive" appears as a steadfastness in connection with the other categories of self-esteem. Together, the two attitudes "leadership" and "steadfastness" form the prerequisite for the normative value of "responsibility".

From the categorical derivation of the 4 self-esteem the 6 normative values of ethics arise:

Tolerance - Responsibility - Sincerity - Open-mindedness - Goodwill - Justice.

As normative values, they regulate the equal weight of self-feelings. This regulation process accompanies all actions and decisions without us being aware of it. Disturbances that arise from interactions with our environment are controlled by the self-regulation process.

If one or more of our self-feelings are disturbed or if we find ourselves in a conflict situation, the balance of inner psychological forces is shaken. In any case, the regulatory system steers towards relative stability and creates an apparent "balance". As a result, the feelings of self become dysfunctional. Thus, our thinking and feeling can become contradictory, our speaking ambiguous, manipulating our behaviour, etc. If, for example, self-esteem and self-confidence are disturbed, the affected person cannot take any real responsibility, he/she behaves in a lavish or sneaky way.

If these disturbances solidify, manipulative structures develop. We play a role; we wear a mask; we feel and experience what we tell ourselves or are highly influenceable etc.

On the basis of psycho-logic, all actions can be checked in the opposite way, for their underlying values and thus for unconscious motivations. This applies to both private and professional actions, to individual and institutional actions.

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